Communities of/for a Sustainable Europe (CoSE)



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Communities of/for a Sustainable Europe (CoSE)

international network of villages and neighbourhoods for bottom-up approach

An initiative of the Community of Ashton Hayes (village in Cheshire-West, United Kingdom), the Community of Beckerich (small town in Luxemburg), the Community of De Stoere Houtman (neighbourhood in Arnhem, the Netherlands), the Community of Jabuka (village of Pančevo, Serbia), the Community of Nebusice (village near Prague, Czech Republic) and a Community in the City of Reda (Poland)


De Stoere Houtman De Houtmanstraat 18 6826PJ Arnhem Netherlands +31.26.3629962 jaaphuurman@hotmail.com


Questionnaire ( for the community-management ):

REDA – BETLEJEM, 23rd OF FEBRUARY, 2011

  1. Demographics and developments

  1. How many people live in the community? around 600

  2. Ages , skills, professions, famous persons? mostly younger people upto fifty, well educated, most professionals, not much unemployment

  3. What type of community is it? (Rural/urban, young/old, rent/private stock, rich/average/poor, etc.) rural because outside city, young, all private, average income

  4. Which projects/actions have already been realised? no collective initiatives, some people have solar cells or geothermie – Reda is member of a Regional Eco Valley (Eko Dolina), where natural waste like grass is recycled in energy and compost



  1. Ambitions

  1. What are the ambitions of the community? Please specify

  • Long term: to become an example as a sustainable community for Reda and the Vojvodship Pomorskie

  • Midterm: to find alternative sources for energy

  • Short term: to become a community with ambitions



  1. Are these ambitions individual or collective? collective

  2. Are there any plans for: to find alternative sources for energy

  • behaviour-change for saving energy: not yet worked out plans

  • do you know the program of Eco-Teams-of-Private-Households (for saving energy and separating waste and consuming differently) or would you like assistance on this: most of the people separate plastic, glass and paper as private persons, not as an EcoTeam (yet); many people produce compost from natural waste; one person is very active in separation of waste (he was awarded by the Mayor)

  • programmes for isolation and ventilation of built environment: no programmes (yet), but private initiatives

  • production of green energy: some solar energy, two people have ground source heat pump

  • clean (public and private) transport/mobility? no public transport yet, and SKM-trainstation is far away

  1. Have you already executed any of these plans? If so, which? when the street of 12 March is finished, there will be a bus connection with other parts of Reda

  2. Do you have interest in organising one or more feasibility studies on these subjects? If so, which? And if so, do you have any co-financing for those studies? the Provincial Fund for Protection of Environment could be asked for a grant for Education Projects. Groups of Students of Polytechnical University of Gdansk can be asked to do some feasibility studies. The Foundation of Energy Saving (in co-operation with other scientific and environmental NGO’s) is already financing a study for all Reda (and many more municipalities) about the possibilities of green and renewable energy. They will also organise meetings for the people about these subjects.



  1. Built environment

  1. How many houses are there in the community? about 260

  2. Type of houses (apartment, row, detached, semi-detached, etc) most detached and only a few apartments

  3. Other (public) buildings? only houses, but plans for a communal centre around sportfield

  4. Kind of roofs? almost all are pitched

  5. Ages of the houses? very young

  6. Type of heating (typical/average)? most natural gas in central heating, some black coal, many extra with wood, and some ground heat

  7. How are the houses typically insulated (not insulated, single/double glazing, wall insulation, roof insulation, floor insulation, other (please specify), etc.) mostly with Styrofoam insulated, roofs are mostly insulated with ‘mineral wall’ and some with Styrofoam, the eldest – 30 years old – houses are still in the old conditions, people build a lot of better insulated and double glazed (obliged by law) houses now, control is done by region, not municipality

  8. Are there plans for new houses and/or other new buildings? What kind of? Many private initiatives – there is even space for bigger buildings like supermarkets, but the community does not want these huge developments – a better plan is to create an Health Centre, also for the care of Seniors – City Council decided that houses in Betlejem can not be heated by black coal

  9. Is there a system of Energy Subsidies? no more in Reda (because of decrease financial budget)

Future Projects

  1. Which projects/actions are planned on the short term? community development – cleaning forest and river side

  2. Which projects/actions are planned on the midterm/long term? feasibility studies (by students and NGO’s – in co-operation with he community of Betlejem) for new renewable energy sources

  3. Why have you chosen these specific projects? to become the Sustainable Betlejem!

  4. Who were involved with these decisions? first Mayor, now the community

  5. What are the benefits of the project? cleaner environment, more tourism

  6. Who initiated / initiates the projects? (residents and/or house-owners? municipality?) the community meetings of 21st and 22nd of February

  7. Who have played/will play a role in realising the projects? (Community members, local administration, third parties, etc.) the community in co-operation with townhall, university, NGO and Vojvodship

  8. How have the projects been funded? How will they be funded? not yet answered, but we hope for support by EU too

  9. How did / do you gain the knowledge needed for the project(s)? some members of the community know a lot about it; one is even professionally working on Eco Energy

  10. Do you now have all the knowledge you need? If not, what would you still need to know? we collect the knowledge, also with help of the Polytechnical University

  11. Which problems have you encountered so far? How have they been solved? So far not all people are motivated, so we need education

  12. If you were to go through the whole process again, what would you change, and why? we just started!

  13. What are the success and fail factors of the projects? For example a good success factor is, that this part of Reda is not connected with District Heating System and a possible fail factor is the lack of investment capacities

  14. Has there been an evaluation yet? If so, what are the main outcomes? we just started



  1. Local opportunities for sustainability

  1. Do you have an inventory of the local opportunities such as: we just started: one of the first activities (by renewed SWOT-analysis) – there is a discussion between the townhall, an organisation of fishermen and a private person, who has ideas to build a turbine in the (kind-of-mountain)river Reda for producing energy to warm his house

  • industry with unused rest heat:

  • Total surface of roofs that can be used for solar energy:

  • Running water:

  • Etc. :

  1. What business activities are there in the area (agriculture, industry, cattle breeding, other): no, except two people are working on good (arab) horse breeding, where the animal waste could possible be used as renewable.

  2. Is there contact with companies in the area? not yet, except for ‘ winter-horse-gliding-events’

  3. Sewage systems ? Much wind ? Agriculture around? Self-cultivation of food ? Betlejem was just connected to sewage system – not much wind (Betlejem is between forest-hills and river) – no agriculture – some people grow own vegetables and herbs

  4. Is there a motivated community? the motivation has started



  1. Social capital

  1. Is there a community organisation? If yes, what are its activities, and how are these organised? yesterday we started a committee (and first meeting is going to be after two weeks)

  2. Has there been made a SWOT-analysis (Strong-Weak-Opportunities-Threats) and/or ABCD-inventory (Assets Based Community Development [‘assets = capacities, hobbies, benefits for the community] )? we started with these examinations

  3. Inside the community: What are the strong (S of SWOT) points of the community? Education, new houses and a lot of space

  4. Outside the community: What are the threats (T of SWOT) for the community? possible a lot of traffic when the community street of 12 March is finished and if this street will be connected to the international transport road (Sweden-) Gdansk - Germany

  5. Has a DIA-method (Dreams Inspire Action-Plans) been operationalized? Can we help you with this? we started with designing dreams for 2040

  6. How many members of the community have been/will be involved in the projects? 14 ABCD-questionnaires came back, on the 21st we were with 12 and yesterday-evening we were with 22 people.

  7. How many people are volunteering in other activities? What kind of activities ? we donot know yet how many, but other activities are: ‘ geoplanet’, ‘Natura-2000’, sport, culture, political parties, protection of environment, organisation for collecting waste, society for disabled people, ‘Amber Walkway’, ‘Association of Saint Josef in Warsaw’, Construction Engineers Association



  1. Organisation

  1. How is the community organised? Informally? Formally? Legally? informally sofar

  2. If as a legal body: as a NGO? Profit-making or non-profit-making? not yet

  3. Do you need assistance with this? no, because we know the procedure



  1. Communication

  1. Have there been meetings for the whole community? two so far

  2. Is there a news letter? there is a local (Reda) bulletin to exchange problems and events

  3. Is there a web site? If yes, is it for internal or external use? we discussed this and we might develop one

  4. How many people have computer and internet ? most of the people (who have not are exceptions) Are there public places or shops with computers and internet? no

  5. Has there been any coverage in (local) media? yes , by regional television and local newspapers, for example see: ANNEX and http://www.telewizjattm.pl/index.php/odtworz,2011-02-22,03 and http://www.nadmorski24.pl/index.php/aktualnosci,1572



  1. Local network

  1. Are you in contact with the municipality? With officer(s) and/or authorities? very good contact with Mayor and EU-projects-officer

  2. Are you in contact with the regional government? With officer(s) and/or authorities? starting contacts; good contact with Mr. Tadeusz Zurek, the environmental advisor of Governor of Vojvodship

  3. Are you in contact with the national government? With officer(s) and/or authorities? not yet

  4. Are you in contact with international bodies? With officer(s) and/or authorities? with EU by CoSE

  5. Do they support your ambitions/ will they support your ambitions? If yes, how? contacts are too young to have support, except with townhall because they helped us to organise the community meetings (and the Mayor participated!)

  6. Are you in contact with any NGO’s? Good contact with Foundation of Energy Saving in Gdansk (Region), because vice-president lives in Betlejem. One of the residents has a friend in Eko Dolina, that might support us

  7. Do they support your ambitions? If yes, how? Yes, they surely will!



  1. CoSE network

  1. What could your community offer to other communities? a ‘ laboratory’ as a starting community

  2. What would your community need from other communities? experiences and knowledge

  3. Are you in contact with other communities? If yes, where and how? not for this project, but Reda is member of Eko Dolina (Eko Valley)

  4. Do you know any other communities who may be interested in joining the CoSE network? not yet

  5. Do you know any (local) NGO’s which may be interested in joining the CoSE network? see 8.f!



  1. Other

  1. Is there any other information you would like to share? we will meet the other CoSE-partners in Arnhem and Deventer (Clean Energy Market)

  2. What do you think about this questionnaire? Long but inspiring!

ANNEX

Reda: Spotkanie z Jaapa Huurmanem


Reda: Spotkanie z Jaapa Huurmanem


poniedziałek, 21-02-2011, 16:24



Serdecznie zapraszamy mieszkańców Redy, rejon osiedla Betlejem, na spotkanie robocze w ramach projektu „Społeczeństwa na rzecz zrównoważonego rozwoju” CoSE. Podczas spotkania mieszkańcy, wspólnie z udziałem Burmistrza Miasta Redy oraz lidera projektu pana Jaapa Huurmana z Holandii, określą cele do opracowania planu zrównoważonego rozwoju dla osiedla Betlejem w Redzie.

Podczas spotkania każdy z mieszańców będzie mógł przedstawić własne propozycje i marzenia jak widzi dzielnicę Betlejem w roku 2040. Pierwsza tego typu inicjatywa w Redzie ma zachęcić mieszkańców do tego, aby sami podjęli kroki w kierunku zrównoważonego rozwoju dzielnicy, w której mieszkamy i na której rozwój powinniśmy mieć wpływ.

Twórcami inicjatywy „Społeczeństwa na rzecz zrównoważonego (energetycznie) rozwoju Europy” (Communities of/for Sustainable Europe CoSE), są mieszkańcy holenderskiego miasteczka Arnhem, a liderem pan Jaap Huurman. Do tej pory do inicjatywy włączyły się następujące miejscowości: Beckerich/Luxemburg Jakuba/Serbia De Stoure Houtman/Arnhem/Holandia Ashton Hayes/Wielka Brytania

Mieszkańcy tych miejscowości czynią starania, w zakresie własnych gospodarstw domowych, aby środowisko, w którym żyjemy było jak najczystsze, abyśmy oszczędzali energię oraz wykorzystywali odnawialne źródła energii. Nie tylko dlatego, że ma to wpływ na naszą przyszłość ale również dlatego, że nasze codzienne życie może stać się przez to dużo tańsze.

Spotkania mieszkańców z panem Jaapa Huurmanem, w których weźmie również udział Burmistrz Miasta Redy Krzysztof Krzemiński odbędą się: - 21 lutego br. o godzinie 18:00 w Zespole Szkół nr 2 w Redzie przy ul. Brzozowej 30 oraz - 22 lutego br. także o godzinie 18:00 w Zespole Szkół nr 2 w Redzie przy ul. Brzozowej 30

Na podstawie rozmów z mieszkańcami, podczas dwóch spotkań i zapoznania się z ich marzeniami na temat dzielnicy Betlejem w 2040 roku, przeprowadzona zostanie wstępna analiza naszych słabych i mocnych stron, szans i zagrożeń powodzenia inicjatywy w Redzie - Betlejem oraz wytyczone zostaną kierunki działań na rzecz zrównoważonego (energetycznie) rozwoju.



Spotkanie będzie również okazją do integracji mieszkańców dzielnicy Betlejem oraz wymiany doświadczeń w zakresie stosowanych źródeł energii odnawialnej w ich gospodarstwach domowych.


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