Gramatyka opisowa I (fonologia)



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Pytania na egzamin licencjacki
GRUPA I: JĘZYKOZNAWSTWO I METODYKA
Gramatyka opisowa I (fonologia)

Koordynator przedmiotu: Prof. dr hab. Katarzyna Dziubalska-Kołaczyk




  1. The subject matter of phonetics and phonology and their place in linguistics. Articulatory, acoustic, auditory phonetics.

  2. The production of speech: the articulators of the supraglottal vocal tract.

  3. Segments of speech: consonants (obstruents and sonorants).

  4. Consonants of English (British & American model).

  5. Segments of speech: vowels and diphthongs.

  6. Vowels of English (British & American model).

  7. Typology of allophonic processes of English.

  8. Suprasegmental features of speech: stress, rhythm, intonation.

  9. Phonostylistics. Speaker vs. listener.

  10. Accents of English. Standards, models.


Gramatyka opisowa II (składnia i morfologia)

Koordynator przedmiotu: Prof. dr hab. Przemysław Tajsner




  1. Define the term morpheme and give examples of derivational and inflectional morphemes.

  2. How is inflectional morphology related to the relation of syntactic agreement in English?

  3. Discuss the notions of a head, complement, specifier and adjunct in a structure of a phrase.

  4. Define the notion subject of the clause.

  5. Discuss the derivation of English wh-questions.

  6. Discuss a binary-branching property of syntactic structures.

  7. What does it mean that phrases are endocentric?

  8. What is the structure of sentences with di-transitive predicates under a binary-branching restriction?

  9. Discuss the notions: predicate, argument (internal, external), theta roles.

  10. Discuss the syntactic properties of English unaccusative, unergative and transitive verbs.


Gramatyka kontrastywna

Koordynator przedmiotu: Prof. dr hab. Agnieszka Kiełkiewicz-Janowiak




  1. Types of language universals.

  2. Types of language transfer.

  3. Word order in Polish and English.

  4. Tertium comparationis.

  5. Compare the Polish and English vowel and consonant systems.

  6. Inflection and derivation in English and Polish.

  7. Types of semantic change.

  8. Terms of address in Polish and English; T/V distinction.

  9. Linguistic sexism in Polish and English.

  10. Genetic, typological, areal classification of languages.


Historia Języka Angielskiego

Koordynator przedmiotu: Prof. dr hab. Marcin Krygier




  1. The Indo-European family of languages.

  2. First Germanic Consonant Shift (Grimm's Law).

  3. Phonological tendencies in the history of English language.

  4. The development of the English nominal system.

  5. The development of the English verbal system.

  6. The development of the English pronominal system.

  7. Old English dialects — origins and distribution.

  8. The Great Vowel Shift.

  9. Scandinavian influences in the history of English.

  10. French influences in the history of English.



Wstęp do Językoznawstwa
Koordynator przedmiotu: prof. dr hab. Aleksander Szwedek
1. Design features of human language

2. Definition of language (discuss the elements of the definition)

3. Word formation processes

4. Thematic roles                

5. Semantic relations

6. Speech Act Theory

7. Grice’s Conversational Maxims

8. Language change

9. Criteria of textuality

10: The nature and types of metaphors


Dydaktyka języka angielskiego

Koordynator przedmiotu : Prof. dr hab. Krystyna Droździał-Szelest




  1. Evaluate one of the theories of first language acquisition on the basis of what we know about this process today.

  2. Second language acquisition - is it similar to or different from first language acquisition?

  3. Child-adult differences in the process of acquiring a second language.

  4. Krashen’s theory of second language acquisition – why has it become so influential?

  5. Discuss the concepts of LAD and UG. What implications do they have for language acquisition – first and second?

  6. Contrastive Analysis vs. Error Analysis – what is their significance for the process of teaching a foreign language?

  7. What is the role of the learner’s native language in the process of second language acquisition according to different theories?

  8. Discuss the concept of “learner language” (interlanguage) and its significance for language teachers.

  9. Where do errors come from? Discuss different types of errors on the basis of their origin.

  10. Why do learners differ in their achievement in second language learning/acquisition? Discuss some factors responsible for the differential success.

  11. Humanistic psychology and its influence on the theory and practice of language teaching.

  12. What is a SYLLABUS? List and describe different types of syllabuses. What theoretical principles are they based on?

  13. Communicative Language Teaching – its advantages and disadvantages.

  14. What is communicative competence? Can we teach it?

  15. Input vs. interaction. Identify the two terms and explain how they relate to language learning/teaching.

  16. List some typical classroom procedures (i.e. techniques) of three methods of your choice. What are their characteristic features and what kind of learner abilities/ language skills do they develop?

  17. Teaching grammar – what are some basic pedagogical principles and procedures?

  18. Inductive vs. deductive teaching of grammar: when would you use them?

  19. How is vocabulary taught in some of the methods you are familiar with? Describe the main procedures and discuss their advantages and disadvantages.

  20. Discuss some major guidelines for dealing with errors in a foreign language classroom.

  21. Language skills: developing receptive skills vs. developing productive skills.

  22. What are contemporary views on teaching writing?

  23. What is the role of the students’ native language in some of the methods you are familiar with? In your opinion, should or shouldn’t the teacher use it in the classroom? (Justify!)

  24. Eclectic teaching vs. teaching by means of using one method. Discuss advantages and disadvantages of either way.

  25. Evaluate, from your point of view, the effectiveness of the so-called fringe methodologies, i.e. methods offering somewhat original solutions.

  26. List different kinds of student grouping in the classroom, discuss their advantages and disadvantages, and explain when you would use each of them.

  27. Principles of language testing and qualities of a good test.

  28. Discuss different kinds of tests according to their purpose.

  29. What are some common problems with learning/teaching foreign language vocabulary?

  30. Communicative activities in the language classroom – what are their features and what are they used for?

GRUPA II: LITERATURA


Literatura angielska

Koordynator przedmiotu: Prof. dr hab. Liliana Sikorska




  1. Drama and theater from the Middle Ages onwards.

  2. Realism and the novel from the 18th century onwards: major novelistic types and their rewritings.

  3. Medieval beast fables, Augustan poetry of nature, Romantic concepts of nature, Victorian poetry of nature.

  4. Authors and Narrators in poetry and prose.

  5. The fate of romance from the Middle Ages to the 18th century.

  6. Postmodernism in literature and culture.

  7. Major trends in 20th century drama and theater.

  8. Cultural background of the Renaissance, The Puritan Ages, The Restoration and Romanticism.

  9. Social aspects in the literature of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, The 19th and 20th centuries.

  10. Literary experiments from the Renaissance until the 21st century.


Literatura amerykańska

Koordynator przedmiotu: Prof. dr hab. Marek Wilczyński


1. Discuss the relevance of the Puritan tradition for nineteenth-century American literature.

2. Give a brief account of the literature of the early republic (poetry and the novel).

3. Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper: the recognition of American literature in Europe (myths, themes, literary conventions).

4. Discuss American romanticism.

5. Compare the poetics and poetry of Poe, Whitman, and Dickinson.

6. American realism and naturalism: trends, names, masterpieces.

7. The modernist novel in the United States: themes and experiments.

8. Modernism in American poetry: from Imagism to e.e. cummings.

9. Postmodernism and its literary varieties in the U.S.

10. American literature and ethnicity: from Frederick Douglass to Louise Erdrich (discuss three selected examples).


Wiedza o krajach angielskiego obszaru językowego

Koordynator przedmiotu: Prof. dr hab. Wojciech Lipoński




  1. Discuss the concept of British constitution.

  2. Discuss the process of devolution in the present-day UK.

  3. Describe British daily press.

  4. Describe the structure and role of the Church of England in the United Kingdom.

  5. What is the political division of the British Isles?

  6. Compare the position, influence and powers of the American President and the British Prime Minister.

  7. Describe the system of checks and balances as it functions in the United States.

  8. Describe different types of institutions of higher education in the United States.

  9. What is the position of religion in the U.S. state and society?

  10. Discuss the U.S. territorial expansion in history.



Pytania na egzamin licencjacki – grupa południowoafrykańska
Teoria literatury


  1. Discuss the most important tenets of Edward Said's Orientalism (1978).

  2. Describe South African literature in the postcolonial perspective.

  3. Define the "anti-conquest narrative"In connection to the Imperial Eyes by Mary Louise Pratt.

  4. What is the formalist idea of "ostranienie". Provide examples.

  5. Discuss the sources of French structuralism (Claude Levi-Strauss, formalism, Ferdinand de Saussure).

  6. Describe the poststructural turn.


Gramatyka opisowa języka angielskiego i afrikaans (cz. I – fonetyka i fonologia)

  1. How is speech produced by humans? Describe the speech production process, including the articulators of the upper vocal tract.

  2. How are consonants and vowels described phonologically? Discuss and give examples.

  3. Describe the consonantal system of English.

  4. Describe the vowel system of English.

  5. What is the relation between a “phoneme” and an “allophone”? Explain and give relevant examples from at least two languages.

  6. What are the main differences between the sound systems of English and Polish?

  7. What are the main differences between the sound systems of English and Afrikaans?

  8. Discuss the relation between spelling and sound in English and Afrikaans.

  9. Discuss connected speech processes in English.

  10. Discuss word stress in English, including complex words.


Gramatyka opisowa języka angielskiego i afrikaans (cz. II – syntax)

  1. Define the term morpheme and give examples of derivational and inflectional morphemes.

  2. Discuss meaning relationships expressed by genitive in English.

  3. Discuss semantic connotations of diminutives in Afrikaans.

  4. Discuss various types of irregular plural formation in English nouns.

  5. Discuss seven basic types of lexical verbs in English and provide your own examples.

  6. Enumerate the tests for identifying a VP. What is the purpose of application of the above presented tests?

  7. How to distinguish di-transitive verbs from complex-transitive verbs?

  8. How to distinguish mono-transitive phrasal verbs from mono-transitive prepositional verbs?

  9. Describe the phenomenon of the so called double negative construction in Afrikaans; provide an example.

  10. Provide a general contrastive description of English/Afrikaans word order patterns


Gramatyka kontrastywna (PL-ANG-AFR)


  1. Tertium comparationis.

  2. Types of language transfer.

  3. Types of borrowings.

  4. Terms of address in Polish, English and Afrikaans; T/V distinction.

  5. Linguistic sexism in Polish, English and Afrikaans.

  6. Genetic, typological, areal classification of languages.

  7. Code mixing and code-switching.

  8. Is Afrikaans a ‘white’ language? Briefly describe the problem of ‘the rise and demise of Afrikaans’.

  9. Discuss the notion of English as a killer language in reference to the linguistic situation in SA.

  10. How does the existence of ‘new’ varieties of English relate to the problem of prescriptive linguistics and language norms?


Pytania na egzamin licencjacki – grupa celtycka
Linguistics

1. Verify the current classifications of Celtic languages known so far and comment on them.

2. Identify four non-Indoeuropean features of the Insular Celtic languages and describe them.

3. Describe the beginnings of the Irish and Welsh languages.

4. Comment on the sociolinguistic situation of Modern Irish and Welsh, e.g. status, prestige, speakers, learners, language use, description of the language.

5. How are the concepts of possession and feelings expressed in the Insular Celtic languages?


Literature
1. Comment on major similarities and dissimilarities in Irish- and Welsh-language literature.

2. When was the earliest extant Welsh-language poetry and how did it further develop?

3. Comment on the development of metres and genres in Irish- and Welsh-language literature.

4. Outline the development of early Arthurian literature in Welsh.

5. Characterise modern Irish- and Welsh language poetry.
History and Culture

1. What was the role of the Celts in early Christian times in Europe?

2. Outline the beginnings of the Celts on the Continent, including Poland.

3. Introduce major source literature for the Celts on the continent and those in the Isles until the 12th century and comment briefly on it.

4. Comment on the colonisation of the Insular Celts by England and its effects on them.

5. Comment briefly on major historical developments in Ireland in the last 150 years and their consequences.



6. Comment on the actual political position of Wales and historical reasons for its status quo.


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