Helena Pietrzak



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Data04.05.2016
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Nota o autorze
Note about the author

Helena Pietrzak

- Wydział Prawa Kanonicznego UKSW

- dr, adiunkt

- e-mail: pietrzakhp@op.pl


Helena Pietrzak

- Faculty of Canon Law of the University of   Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński

- PhD, assistant professor

- e-mail: pietrzakhp@op.pl

Tytuł artykułu

w języku publikacji


Title of the article in the language of publication


Prawo do życia, jego nienaruszalność i nierozporządzalność. Aspekty prawno-karne

Tytuł artykułu

w języku angielskim

lub w innym j. kongresowym
Title of the article

in English or other language



The right to life, its inviolability and indispensability. Penal law aspects

Treść

lub streszczenie

w języku publikacji
Summary of the article

in the language of publication


Treść: Wstęp. – 1. Prawnokarna ochrona życia nasciturusa – (krótka geneza). – 2. Aktualne koncepcje (modele) prawnej ochrony życia. – 3. Ochrona nasciturusa w obowiązującym prawie. – 3.1. Zakres ochrony w prawie karnym. – 3.2. Zakres ochrony dziecka w ustawie o Rzeczniku Praw Dziecka. – 3.3. Cywilnoprawny zakres ochrony nasciturusa. – 4. Koniec życia. – 4.1. Zabójstwo. – 4.2. Zabójstwo eutanatyczne. – Podsumowanie.

Streszczenie

w języku angielskim

lub w innym j. kongresowym
Summary of the article in English or other language


Respecting human rights should be a standard and a normative value in any democratic state of law, based on properly functioning legislative and executive branches of government. The right to life, i.e. the right to existence from conception to natural death, is an essential human right and a fundamental value. It is a natural right that results from the inherent dignity of all human beings, regardless of their development stage and physical or emotional maturity. In its constitutional sense, it belongs to the category of personal rights and liberties. It is a fundamental right which cannot be waived and which enables one to exercise other rights and liberties (e.g. the right to identity, privacy or education).

Although the Polish legislator highlights the value of human life, it always limits its absolute nature, making the law relative by statutory compromises. As a consequence, human life has become subject to contracts, negotiations and dispositions - not only of the party concerned, but of third parties, too. The contemporary law is evolving towards negating the right to life by legalising homicide and protecting the perpetrators. Since human life became a relative value for the law, in particular, for the penal law, and since the society supported the exclusion of its legal protection, the legislator has taken measures aimed at limiting the right to life in its initial and final stages.



The law should serve the humankind and its wellbeing. Today, however, it is lagging behind the developments of civilisation. There is a need to restore the bond between law and ethics in order to preserve basic moral values, regardless of individual worldviews, and to set ethical limits to progress.


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