Polysemy of language as a source of joke in the magazine „Wolne żarty



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Bartłomiej Cieśla

Polisemia jako źródło dowcipu językowego
w czasopiśmie „Wolne Żarty”




Polysemy of language as a source of joke in the magazine „Wolne żarty”

Ambiguity is the most often used linguistic phenomenon applied in creating jokes, both at present, and several dozen years ago. The article describes comical texts printed in the widely-read satiric weekly magazine “Wolna Myśl, Wolne Żarty”, which was publishing in Łódź from 1919 to 1939, and in detail shows jokes utilized lexical and syntactical polysemy.



Tomasz Chodowiec

Wybrane strategie werbalne w przekazach elektronicznych
na przykładzie blogu1


Selected verbal strategies in electronic transfers on example weblog



Blog as a genre of the text is linked to an electronic message generated in cyberspace. Blog is a place of confrontation and dialogue. The presented examples are a testament to saturation strategy verbal multimedia graphic elements. The texts of blog is a conglomerate of verbal communication and audiovisual items. The analysis shows that this drastic confrontation does not always equal to the conflict.Strategies verbal shaped at the level of electronic communication is characterized by nonlinearity associated with the substitution of reading linear navigation. It appears that it is an element of deep cultural change. Printed word has been the transformation - was an open structure (into the Internet eliminates the physical aspect of the press). New media has created a virtual space, in which verbal communication is located within the traditional forms of communication is subject to digitize, creating a stream of information on the foundation of a new fixation – in the area of your computer screen.

Joanna Kuć

Językowe wykładniki pojęć abstrakcyjnych szczęście i miłość w mowie dzieci sześcioletnich



Language exponents of abstract concepts happiness and love in the speech of six years old children

A child in the acquisition process assimilates different concepts, many of the phenomena is trying to call the same thing. Of particular interest in the development of language is to discover the meanings of words by children, on the one hand, the limited empowerment of language patterns from the environment, on the other – giving the full activity of the child's cognitive, linguistic counterparts and unusually broad mindedness These issues worth a closer look by examining six years old children's understanding of meanings of words and show the children’s definition of names. An important interpretative context for the presented material is a reference to the linguistic skills, perceptual and cognitive young child, thought to certain transactions occurring school on the threshold of maturity.

The very definition of consciousness is extremely important from the perspective of linguistics. This refers to the child's understanding that words are merely conventional signs of referential function, which – as a world language elements – subject to the rules of morphology, structural, semantic, and others. Conscious use of language by the child appears at the time of achieving maturity of the child's schooling. Using the method suggested by the description of cognitive linguistics has attempted to describe the language of the world an image of love and happiness of those definitions contained in the token. The study children's language deliberately chose the concept of love and happiness, because they do not correspond to real designata, refer to abstract phenomena associated with the sphere of feelings and emotions. I was interested in how children come to the meaning of these words and what they refer in their definition, and understand their nature and scope. For research purposes, to see a reference to the abstract concepts of extra-linguistic knowledge, abusing a symbolic representation of the drawing.

Specific, the importance of abstract concepts studied launched the ability for original thinking and creative language kindergarten, which is an expression of their vulnerability and how to receive the world. Abstract nouns: happiness and love are well known to all 6-year-olds. Children determine its meaning in different ways. For 6-year-olds may be a synonym for happiness, both have toys, and meet good deed, helping the poor and that they are not in an orphanage. The feeling of love pre-schoolers combined with home and family, sometimes in multi-generational aspect. Language performances of children show a 6-year old invention, creativity, authenticity and originality in defining the meanings of words. The ranges of meaning of these concepts, which allow you to operate children's identification of the most typical features of the data tokens, and a fuller picture for their cultural values to add appeal and linguistic stereotypes, which appeared in the

children cited in the world.

Alina Maciejewska, Aldona Kocyła

Wyjaśnianie znaczenia wyrazów przez studentów z uszkodzonym słuchem



Explanation the meanings of words by students with impaired hearing

Impaired hearing people suffer from a limited access to language system knowledge. Frequently, they do not master the language to the extend as to enable them to fully participate in the language communication process. In this paper we demonstrate our tests results on ways of words definitions presentation by impaired hearing people.



Aneta Mitura

Typy słowotwórcze nazwisk odapelatywnych na podstawie zapisów w sławatyckich księgach metrykalnych z lat 1915-1921



Word-formation types of surnames pertaining to common words, pursuant to the records found in the parish registers from Sławatycze (1915- 1921)

Surnames formed on the basis of apellative lexis, were created from common words, by means of a complete transfer of a given word to the personal name or by means of combining common words with various suffixes. However, it has to be stressed that modern surnames have no connotations as far as their dictionary meaning s are concerned. Upon shifting from the pool of common words to the anthroponym group, words lost their lexical connotations entirely.The prominent issue discussed in this thesis is the structural analysis of surnames pertaining to common words. Therefore the focus is the structure of anthroponyms based on appellative lexis, or what derivation procedures accompanied their creation. It is difficult to indicate suffix formants distinctive of surnames pertaining to common words. The abundance of such surnames results in a high number of possible surname-formative formants.

My analysis of surnames excerpted from the records in the public registers from Sławatycze dated 1915 – 1921 aims to distinguish and characterize word-formation formants representative of the examined area. The most plentiful are derived words, created by means of adding East Slavic suffixes such as: -uk, -czuk, -ko, -in, -un, -ło and others. Also common are names created on the basis of foreign, especially Ukrainian and Russian stems. The thesis comprises a dictionary of surnames that indicates the semantic root of anthroponyms found in the sources.

Zdzisława Staszewska

Słownictwo i frazeologia związane z uroczystością Bożego Ciała

(na podstawie materiału gwarowego)



The vocabulary and phraseology associated with celebrations of the Corpus Christi (on the basis of dialectal matrial).

The article drawn up on the basis of material collected from surroundings of Łódź is an attempt of the answer to a question of verbal equivalents corresponding to the thinking of country dwellers about celebrations of the Corpus Christi. In rich and diversified lexical-phraseological field were founded names concerning theological and doctrinal issues, associated with liturgy and the ceremony of sacraments etc.,but also names combining with observances both with the one which has the Christian form and interpretation as well as having exclusivelly folk character and demonstrating no direct revelanse with church liturgy.



Marta Ułańska

Nazwy obce firm i towarów



Names of companies and goods

More and more foreign names of companies and goods are on the Polish market, especially since Poland became a member of the European Union. Some of them may cause difficulties to customers on: spelling, inflexion, syntax or pronunciation. They seem to be unfortunate and impractical. There are the names that do not impede communication and contribute significantly to the company's success.

Krystyna Wojtczuk

Wykrzykniki jako symptomy oralności w języku internautów polskich



Exclamations as oral symptoms in the language of online discussion sites

In the article Exclamations as oral symptoms in the language of online discussion sites an attempt to explain the relation of forums’ texts to the opposition spoken language - written language has been made. It concerns the analysis of interjections’ function in those text which lies in placing them closer to the spoken language group where exclamations belong by definition.

Exclamations, common in forums’ texts are electronically modified in a specific way. Their record, very variant, consists in letters re- or multiplication (it shows prosodic features such us: quantity and intonation), in stylization on English writing or speaking, in individual usage of capital letters, in quoting English words (okay, wow, sorry and so on), in labialising initial o (e. g. ło matko!). All this serves the intensification of exclamations’ emotional expression and create forums texts as stylized on a speech.

Violetta Machnicka

Piśmiennictwo Bolesława Prusa w opracowaniach językoznawczych



Writing of Bolesław Prus in linguistic studies

The text constitutes a detailed review of linguistic literature which is devoted to the analysis of language layer of Aleksander Głowacki writing. The author has tried to take into account the widest possible scope of studies regarding the language of the outstanding novelist. She also warned, that due to obvious reasons, she did not familiarize herself with all linguistic works regarding Prus, published in various magazines, academic writings or post-conference volumes. Presented literature covers works created between years 1918-2009. They were written in Polish and they constitute a collection of almost 70 publications concerning Prus linguistics. The books and articles were divided into 5 groups:



  1. General works.

  2. Works regarding vocabulary, idiomatic expressions, inflection and word formation.

  3. Works regarding syntax.

  4. Works regarding stylistics and stylization.

  5. Other.

Besides studies entirely about the language of Lalka’s author, the article also refers to many works only partially devoted to linguistic matters in Prus work.

Krystyna Wojtczuk

Językoznawstwo dzisiaj



Linguistics today

Linguistics today, the first decade of XXI century, is a creative continuation of the earlier methodological paradigms, ie, historical linguistics, comparative linguistics, structuralistic linguistics, and the emergence of new paradigms in linguistics is open to other disciplines, like sociology, anthropology, psychology, etc. which gives, inter alia, cognitivism, on the one hand, and the other comunicativism.



1 Mirosław Bańko uważa, że blog należy uznać za rzeczownik rodzaju męskiego nieżywotnego. W świetle normy wzorcowej formy fleksyjne odpowiednio brzmieć powinny w dopełniaczu: blogu, w bierniku blog. Potocznie, a więc w odniesieniu do normy użytkowej, rzeczownik odmieniany jest według wzorca odmiany rzeczowników rodzaju męskozwierzęcego – wówczas synkretyzm biernika i dopełniacza sprowadza się do formy bloga. (patrz http://poradnia.pwn.pl/lista.php?id=9004) [dostępne w sieci do 15.05.2010].


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