Word d uniwersalny słownik science efinition



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Word

D
UNIWERSALNY SŁOWNIK
SCIENCE

efinition


Translation

Evidence for

one or more reasons for believing that something is or is not true

Dowód na

Anticipation

a feeling of excitement about something that is going to happen in the near future

oczekiwanie

nomenclature

a system for naming things, especially in a particular area of science

Nazewnictwo, terminologia

Incomprehensible

impossible or extremely difficult to understand

niezrozumiały

Get the gist

Get to the most important pieces of information about something, or general information without details

Zrozumieć istotę sprawy

abstract

a shortened form of a speech, article, book, etc., giving only the most important facts or ideas

Streszczenie, skrót

pioneering

using ideas and methods that have never been used before

Pionierski, wytyczający nową drogę

Up-to-date

modern, recent, or containing the latest information

Nowoczesny, aktualny

Have a hunch

Have an idea which is based on feeling and for which there is no proof

Mieć przeczucie

humankind

the whole of the human race, including both men and women

ludzkość

breakthrough

an important discovery or event that helps to improve a situation or provide an answer to a problem

Punkt zwrotny, przełom

scrutiny

the careful and detailed examination of something in order to get information about it

Szczegółowe badania

acquisition

something that someone buys, often to add to a collection of things

Zakup, nabytek

treatise

a formal piece of writing that considers and examines a particular subject

Rozprawa naukowa

dissertation

a long piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one that is done as a part of a course at college or university

Rozprawa, praca pisemna

contradictory

If two or more facts, pieces of advice, etc. are contradictory, they are very different from each other

sprzeczny

undermine

to make someone less confident, less powerful or less likely to succeed, or to make something weaker, often gradually

Podważać, podkopywać

disprove

to prove that something is not true

Obalić, obalać

Come to light

Become known

Wychodzić na jaw

Pick holes in sth

Try to find mistakes in everything

Szukać dziury w całym, krytykować

Take sth for granted

to believe something to be the truth without even thinking about it

Uważać coś za rzecz oczywistą

brainwave

A sudden clever idea

Fala mózgowa, olśnienie

Split hairs

to argue about whether small details are correct

Dzielić włos na czworo, kłócić się o drobnostkę

Keep abreast of sth

Not to stay behind

Być z czymś na bieżąco

Be at grips

Have problems and work hard to achieve it




Compile

Gather in order to compare

Sporządzić, opracować

enigmatic

mysterious and impossible to understand completely

Zagadkowy, tajemniczy

imply

to communicate an idea or feeling without saying it directly

Zasugerować, dać do zrozumienie

scrupulous

Paying attention to details

Dokładny, staranny

Read out

Check what an instrument shows

Odczyt ekranu

grant

Money for a researcher to do his studies

Dotacja, przyznać dotację

circumstantial

containing information, especially about a crime, which makes you think something is true but does not completely prove it

Szczegółowy, drobiazgowy










exact

in great detail, or complete, correct or true in every way; precise

Dokładny, precyzyjny

ontology

A branch of philosophy which deals with the issue of being

ontologia

creationist

According to creationist the world was created by a supreme being

kreacjonista

Induction

The kind of reasoning which implies taking into consideration particular premises to lead to general conclusions

indukcja (metoda myśleniowa, przeciwieństwo dedukcji)

Rhetorical question

a question that is asked in order to make a statement and which does not expect an answer

Pytanie retoryczne

Buddhism

Ia a philosophy and a religion, founded in India.

buddyzm

Predestination

the belief that people have no control over events because these things are controlled by God or by fate

przeznaczenie

Cognition

when you think or use a conscious mental process

Pojęcie, zrozumienie, poznanie

Yin and yang




koncepcja pochodząca z antycznej filozofii chińskiej - dwie przeciwne, lecz uzupełniające się siły

tautology

the unnecessary and usually unintentional use of two words to express one meaning

tautologia

dualism

the belief that things are divided into two often very different or opposing parts

dualizm

perception

a belief or opinion, often held by many people and based on how things seem

Postrzeganie, rozumienie

hedonist

An adherent of the viewpoint that a person’s life should be fully intended as a means to achieve pleasure and happiness, either of the mental or physical kind

hedonista

explore

Study very carefully to learn as much as possible

badać

notion

concept

Myśl, pomysł, pojęcie

treatise

Large philosophical work written on a given subject

Rozprawa naukowa

virtue

One of positive characteristics

Cnota, zaleta

satori

In Buddhism, enlightenment, becoming free




deduction

when a decision or answer is reached by thinking about the known facts, or the decision that is reached

dedukcja

presume

to believe something to be true because it is very likely, although you are not certain

Zakładać, przypuszczać

reckon

To think or believe

Sądzić, myśleć, przypuszczać

adherent

a person who strongly supports a particular person, principle or set of ideas

zwolennik

involution

The operation of raising a number to a power

potęgowanie

fraction

Part of the whole

ułamek

exponent

a number or sign which shows how many times another number is to be multiplied by itself

Wykładnik potęgi

cone

a shape with a flat, round or oval base and a top which becomes narrower until it forms a point

stożek

versus

used to say that one team or person is competing against another

Kontra, przeciwko

Set square

triangle

ekierka

Equality sign/

equal sigh

the symbol =, used to show that two things are the same in value, size, meaning, etc.

Znak równości

Negative number

A number which is smaller than zero

Liczba ujemna

quotient

the result of dividing one number by another

iloraz

parallel

If two or more lines, streets, etc. are parallel, the distance between them is the same all along their length

równoległy

hypotenuse

the longest side of any triangle which has one angle of 90°

przeciwprostokątna

composite

something which is made of various different parts

złożony

conical

Shaped like a cone

stozkowaty

convex

curved or swelling out

wypukły

denominator

the number below the line in a fraction

mianownik

circumference

the distance around a circle, or the distance around the widest part of a circular or round object; the line surrounding a circular space

obwód

contiguous

next to or touching another, usually similar, thing

graniczący, sąsiadujący, stykający się z sobą, przylegający do siebie

obtuse

(of an angle) more than 90° and less than 180°

Kąt rozwarty

Subtract

to remove a number from another number

odejmować

compasses

a device for finding direction which has a needle which can move easily and that always points to magnetic north

cyrkiel

ruler

long, narrow, flat piece of plastic, metal or wood with straight edges where centimetres or inches, or both are printed.

linijka

rectangle

a flat shape with four 90° angles and four sides, with opposite sides of equal length

prostokąt

rhombus

diamond

romb

equilateral

describes a shape whose sides are all the same length

równoboczny

isosceles

with two sides of equal length

równoramienny

spherical

Round like a ball

kulisty

quadrangular

With four sides of equal length

Czworoboczny, czworokątny

equation

a mathematical statement in which you show that two amounts are equal using mathematical symbols

równianie

abacus

a square or rectangular frame holding an arrangement of small balls on metal rods or wires, which is used for counting, adding and subtracting

liczydło

digit

any one of the ten numbers 0 to 9

cyfra

plane

Two-dimensional, flat area

płaski

Prime number

Prime numbers are natural numbers that are only divisible by 1 and themselves

Liczba pierwsza

bisector

Line dividing an angle into halves

Dwusieczna (kata)

intersection

Place where two lines across

przekrój

aggregation

several things grouped together or considered as a whole

skupisko

alkali

a substance which has the opposite effect or chemical behaviour to an acid

Zasada (w chemii)

cloning

to create a clone of a plant or animal

klonowanie

emitter

the electrode in a transistor where electrons originate

Nadajnik, emiter

perfunctory

done quickly, without taking care or interest

pobieżny, powierzchowny, zdawkowy

equilibrium

A state of balance

Równowaga fizyczna

tectonics

relating to the structure of the surface of the Earth and the way it is formed, changed and moved by forces inside it

tektonika (nauka o budowie skorupy ziemskiej)

compound

a chemical that combines two or more elements

Związek chemiczny

relativity

either of two theories of physics giving the relationship between space, time and energy, especially for two objects moving in different ways

Względność (czasu, przestrzeni)

inference

when you guess that something is true or form an opinion because of the information that you have

Wniosek, sugestia

volatile

A volatile liquid or solid substance will change easily into a gas.

Lotny, przelotny, zmienny

capacitance

an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored

Pojemność elektryczna

infrared

a type of light that feels warm but cannot be seen

podczerwony

entity

something which exists apart from other things, having its own independent existence

Jednostka, istota

proliferation

to increase a lot and suddenly in number

Rozrastanie, rozmnażanie się

ontogeny

the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level

ontogenia (nauka zajmująca się rozwojem organizmu)

valence

a property of atoms or radicals; their combining power given in terms of the number of hydrogen atoms (or the equivalent

wartościowość, walencyjność (liczba wiązań chemicznych, jakie może utworzyć atom z innymi atomami)

fission

the splitting of the nucleus of an atom, which results in the release of a large amount of energy, or the division of a living cell as part of reproduction

Rozszczepienie jądra atomu

albumen

the clear part inside an egg which is white when cooked

Albumina, białko

immunity

when you are protected against disease

odporność

Corkscrew rule

The rule that the direction of the current and that of the resulting magnetic field are related to each other as the forward travel of a corkscrew and the direction in which it is rotated.




adjustment

A small change

Modyfikacja, zmiana

ichthyology

the branch of zoology that studies fishes

ichtiologia (dział zoologii zajmujący się rybami)

mutation

the way in which genes change and produce permanent differences

mutacja

vapour

gas or extremely small drops of liquid which result from the heating of a liquid or solid

opary

Periodic table

an arrangement of the symbols of chemical elements, usually in rows and columns, showing similarities in chemical behaviour, especially between elements in the same columns

Układ okresowy pierwiastków


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