Applying for a job



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Data29.04.2016
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Przykładowy egzamin język biznesowy, techniczny i egzamin ogólny.
I. Egzamin z Business English – przykładowe polecenia str. 1- 3
1 Read the text and then type the correct form of the word in CAPITALS to complete the gaps.

APPLYING FOR A JOB

If you are a university graduate, or maybe you have had a DISAGREEMENT with AGREE

your current boss and are now considering changing jobs, you will probably follow

the typical job ___________________ procedure. APPLY

The first step is finding a ___________________ to apply for. You will have to read VACANT

local and national newspapers and magazines or check the Internet for job advertisements.

Meanwhile, you should devote some time to preparing your CV, which is an account of

your ___________________, work experience, and all the skills and interests which may QUALIFY

be relevant for the position advertised.

Send the CV accompanied with a covering letter telling an ___________________ why EMPLOY

you are interested in their organization and what ___________________ you can make CONTRIBUTE

to it. The letter gives you a perfect opportunity to sell yourself.

If you are ___________________, you will be given a chance to attend a job interview FORTUNE

and discuss your CV further. The ___________________ will ask you a number of INTERVIEW

questions, some of which may be quite tricky, e.g. “What are your ___________________?”. WEAK

But if you remain calm, positive and enthusiastic, and make a good ___________________, IMPRESS

they will offer you ___________________. EMPLOY

The final step then is negotiating and signing the contract.



2 Fill in the blanks with one of the words from the list below. There are more words than blanks.

awareness creditor emerging expenditure incentive margin overheads redundancy retail revenue shareholder survey trade vacancy


Many _______________________________ markets, such as China, Brazil and India, have been growing so quickly that their central banks are worried about inflation, often a byproduct of an overheated economy.

The country’s capital has long been a well known centre for business, trade and education, regularly hosting large international conferences and _______________________________ fairs.

Smaller companies spend 50 percent or more of their _______________________________s on marketing, three times more than their larger counterparts.

If the factory closes, more than a thousand workers will face _______________________________.

They make a profit of $4.20 on each book they sell, which represents a _______________________________ of 60%.

There is an added _______________________________ for you to buy from our catalogue—a free gift with every purchase.

Brand _______________________________ is a marketing concept that measures consumers' knowledge of a brand's existence.

The latest _______________________________ shows that the majority of women think our perfume smells terrible.

We must reduce our general _______________________________: we have to cut costs wherever we can.

The forecast which predicts how much money the company will have to spend on rent, insurance, electricity, and other things that are needed to keep a business operating is the forecast of _______________________________.



3 Choose the best word to fill each gap.

Jane Kowalski has just finalized the negotiations of her new contract with the Board of Directors.


Her base ___________ will be PLN 10,000 per month.

a pension b wage c salary


When she is 67, she will get a ___________ of PLN 8,000 per month.

a rent b retirement c pension


The company has promised to give her many fringe ___________.

a perks b benefits c allowances


She has been offered a luxurious ___________ car.

a company b business c duty


She is highly appreciative of the car, as her contact involves numerous business ___________

a journeys b trips c travel


What makes her even more excited are unlimited travel and entertainment ___________.

a pays b spends c expenses


Although she is aware these terms and conditions are quite generous, she is planning to ask for a pay ___________ soon.

a income b rise c bonus



4 Choose the right word to go with each meaning. Write the number of that word next to its meaning.

1 agenda


2 payroll

3 alliance ____ a new business activity that involves taking risks

4 liability ____ a list of items to be discussed at a meeting

5 venue ____ legal responsibility

6 venture

1 subsidiary

2 commodity

3 factor ____ a product that can be bought and sold

4 bargain ____ a company which is owned by a larger company

5 schedule ____ plan

6 sample

1 charge


2 commerce

3 branch ____ trade

4 merger ____ a local office or shop

5 gross ____ before tax

6 freelance

ODPOWIEDZI

1 Read the text and then type the correct form of the word in CAPITALS to complete the gaps.

APPLYING FOR A JOB

If you are a university graduate, or maybe you have had a disagreement with your current boss and are now considering changing jobs, you will probably follow the typical job application procedure. The first step is finding a vacancy to apply for. You will have to read local and national newspapers and magazines or check the Internet for job advertisements. Meanwhile, you should devote some time to preparing your CV, which is an account of your qualifications, work experience, and all the skills and interests which may be relevant for the position advertised. Send the CV accompanied with a covering letter telling an employer why you are interested in their organization and what contribution(s) you can make to it. The letter gives you a perfect opportunity to sell yourself. If you are fortunate, you will be given a chance to attend a job interview and discuss your CV further. The interviewer will ask you a number of questions, some of which may be quite tricky, e.g. “What are your weaknesses?”. But if you remain calm, positive and enthusiastic, and make a good impression, they will offer you employment. The final step then is negotiating and signing the contract.


2 Fill in the blanks with one of the words from the list below. There are more words than blanks.

awareness creditor emerging expenditure incentive margin overheads redundancy retail revenue shareholder survey trade vacancy


Many emerging markets, such as China, Brazil and India, have been growing so quickly that their central banks are worried about inflation, often a byproduct of an overheated economy.

The country’s capital has long been a well known centre for business, trade and education, regularly hosting large international conferences and trade fairs.

Smaller companies spend 50 percent or more of their revenues on marketing, three times more than their larger counterparts.

If the factory closes, more than a thousand workers will face redundancy.

They make a profit of $4.20 on each book they sell, which represents a margin of 60%.

There is an added incentive for you to buy from our catalogue—a free gift with every purchase.

Brand awareness is a marketing concept that measures consumers' knowledge of a brand's existence.

The latest survey shows that the majority of women think our perfume smells terrible.

We must reduce our general expenditure: we have to cut costs wherever we can.

The forecast which predicts how much money the company will have to spend on rent, insurance, electricity, and other things that are needed to keep a business operating is the forecast of overheads.


3 Choose the best word to fill each gap.

Jane Kowalski has just finalized the negotiations of her new contract with the Board of Directors.

Her base salary will be PLN 10,000 per month.

When she is 67, she will get a pension of PLN 8,000 per month.

The company has promised to give her many fringe benefits.

She has been offered a luxurious company car.

She is highly appreciative of the car, as her contact involves numerous business trips.

What makes her even more excited are unlimited travel and entertainment expenses.

Although she is aware these terms and conditions are quite generous, she is planning to ask for a pay rise soon.
4 Choose the right word to go with each meaning. Write the number of that word next to its meaning.

1 agenda


2 payroll

3 alliance __6__ a new business activity that involves taking risks

4 liability __1__ a list of items to be discussed at a meeting

5 venue __4__ legal responsibility

6 venture
1 subsidiary

2 commodity

3 factor __2__ a product that can be bought and sold

4 bargain __1__ a company which is owned by a larger company

5 schedule __5__ plan

6 sample
1 charge

2 commerce

3 branch __2__ trade

4 merger __3__ a local office or shop

5 gross __5__ before tax

6 freelance

II. Egzamin certyfikatowy na poziomie B2 z języka angielskiego / język techniczny/

składa się z części pisemnej i ustnej. str. 4 - 5


Część pisemna obejmuje:
1. Rozumienie ze słuchu (max. 15 pkt). Zwykle są to dwa osobne nagrania o tematyce technicznej. Ćwiczenia mogą polegać na: uzupełnianiu luk, decydowaniu czy zdanie jest prawdziwe czy fałszywe, wyborze właściwej z kilku podanych odpowiedzi.
2. Rozumienie tekstu (max 15 pkt). Zazwyczaj dwa odrębne teksty o tematyce technicznej, do których ćwiczenia mogą obejmować: uzupełnianie luk/nagłówków, decydowanie czy zdanie jest prawdziwe czy fałszywe, ustalanie kolejności paragrafów czy wybór właściwej z czterech podanych odpowiedzi.
3. Gramatyka i słownictwo (max. 40 pkt). Zadania sprawdzające znajomość struktur gramatycznych mogą polegać na: transformacjach, wyborze właściwej z kilku podanych form, tworzeniu pytań do podanych odpowiedzi, wstawianiu podanego czasownika we właściwej formie. Zadania sprawdzające znajomość słownictwa to: tłumaczenia fragmentów zdań/krótkich tekstów, uzupełnianie luk w zdaniu lub tekście podanymi wyrazami (przy czym wyrazów jest więcej niż luk), słowotwórstwo, wielokrotny wybór. Wszystkie ćwiczenia tworzone są na bazie języka technicznego. Przykładowe ćwiczenia (wraz z kluczem) znajdują się poniżej.
4. Pisanie (max. 15 pkt). Z trzech podanych zadań należy wybrać jedno. Tematy zadań związane są ściśle z tematyką techniczną i obejmują: rozprawkę „za” i „przeciw”, sprawozdanie pisane na podstawie podanych informacji, „problem solving”- formę pisemną, w której należy podać rozwiązanie podanego problemu i uzasadnić swój wybór.

Część ustna (min 15 pkt).
Egzamin zdawany jest pojedynczo i trwa max.10 minut. Student zdaje go przed dwuosobową komisją. Egzamin obejmuje autoprezentację z uwzględnieniem opisu kierunku studiów, specjalizacji, ulubionego przedmiotu, czy wybranego projektu, oraz wypowiedz na jeden z dwóch wylosowanych tematów. Tematy związane są z problematyką techniczną i mogą obejmować: wyrażanie opinii, opis procesu, interpretację wykresu, opis działania urządzenia, porównanie procesów/ urządzeń. Komisja ocenia płynność wypowiedzi, poprawność gramatyczną, bogactwo słownictwa i struktur gramatycznych, wymowę oraz treść.
Przykładowe ćwiczenia wraz z kluczem.
Napisz pytania do podanych odpowiedzi.

1.__________________________________________________________?

The equipment which failed to prevent the pressure from rising was the pressure valve.

2.__________________________________________________________?

Yes, the goods were stolen exactly there, at the warehouse.

3.__________________________________________________________?

The rod fixes the beacon’s cover to its base.

4.__________________________________________________________?

The accident happened at 09.38.

5.__________________________________________________________?

The Apple iPhone 3G S weighs 135 g.
Klucz

1. What was the equipment which failed to prevent the pressure from rising?

2. Were the goods stolen at the warehouse?

3. What does the rod do?

4. When did the accident happen?

5. How much does the Apple iPhone weigh?


Dokończ/uzupełnij zdania dobierając odpowiedni fragment i tłumacząc go na angielski:

1. Sailors……………………………………………………………………..

2 ……………………………………………………………. a plastic engine before 2035.

3. That tower is the main antenna...........................................

4. Negatively charged particles...............................................

5. The device...........................................................................

a. prawdopodobnie nie wykonają/zbudują

b. która transmituje dane do satelity

c. wystrzelili w powietrze dwie race

d. zamienia prąd elektryczny na ruch obrotowy

e. przyciągane są przez dodatnio naładowane płytki
Klucz

1. Sailors fired two flares into the air.

2. They probably won’t make/build a plastic engine before 2035.

3. That tower is the main antenna which transmits data to the satellite.

4. Negatively charged particles are attracted by positively charged plates.

5. The device converts electrical current into rotational movement.


Przekształć zdania na zdania o podobnym znaczeniu używając podanego wyrazu.

1.They are building a new stadium in Warsaw. BEING

A new stadium …………………………………………………………… in Warsaw.

2.He asked someone to install smoke detectors last week. HAD

He ……………………………..............................………………. installed last week.

3.This engineer started learning Chinese in 2000. HAS

This engineer …………………………………..........…........…………………..2000.

4."I have put on a helmet." THAT

Tom said ……………………………...............……..........……......….………………….

5.Someone has stolen our drilling equipment! BEEN

Our drilling equipment…………...............……………………………………….!

6.He didn’t have wire cutters. He didn't cut off the protruding wire. HAD

If he ……………………………………...…............................cut off the protruding wire.
Klucz

1. A new stadium is being built in Warsaw.

2. He had smoke detectors installed last week.

3. This engineer has been learning Chinese since 2000.

4. Tom said that he had put on a helmet.

5. Our drilling equipment has been stolen!

6. If he had had wire cutters he would have cut off the protruding wire.
Opracowała mgr Liliana Sienkiewicz (ćwiczenia: mgr Małgorzata Małyszko, mgr Waldemar Kozoń, mgr Anna Kalisz)


III. Egzamin certyfikatowy na poziomie B2 z języka angielskiego składa się z następujących części: (str. 5-8 )


  1. Rozumienie ze słuchu (max. 15 pkt). Zwykle dwa osobne zadania, polecenia mogą obejmować wybór właściwej z kilku podanych odpowiedzi (a, b, c, d), decydowanie, czy podane zdanie jest prawdziwe czy fałszywe (True / False), uzupełnianie zdań czy dobieranie właściwych stwierdzeń do wypowiadającej je osoby.



  1. Rozumienie tekstu (max. 15 pkt). Zwykle dwa osobne zadania; polecenia mogą obejmować wybór właściwej z kilku podanych odpowiedzi (a, b, c, d), decydowanie, czy podane zdanie jest prawdziwe czy fałszywe (True / False), uzupełnianie tekstu podanymi zdaniami (do wyboru), dobieranie właściwych nagłówków do tekstów czy też dopasowywanie tekstów do stwierdzeń, które są w nich zawarte.



  1. Pisanie (max. 15 pkt). Student wybiera jeden z trzech tematów. Tematy mogą obejmować różne formy pisemne – rozprawkę (np. „za” i „przeciw”), sprawozdanie (np. dotyczące wyników przeprowadzonych badań czy też sprawozdanie z praktyki studenckiej itp.), list motywacyjny odpowiadający na konkretne ogłoszenie w sprawie pracy, list, który ma służyć uzyskiwaniu informacji, CV, opis / interpretacja wykresu itp.



  1. Gramatyka i słownictwo (max. 35 pkt) – przykładowe polecenia z tej części egzaminu znajdują się poniżej.



  1. Egzamin ustny (max. 20 pkt). Egzamin będzie zdawany w parach, całość max. 15 minut, przed komisją składającą się z dwóch egzaminatorów. Oceniane będą: poprawność gramatyczna, bogactwo słownictwa, wymowa, płynność i treść wypowiedzi. Wypowiedzi mogą dotyczyć: krótkiej autoprezentacji, wylosowanych tematów ogólnych (np. „In the future the Internet will replace television as a source of home entertainment. Do you agree?”) oraz wypowiedzi dotyczącej wybranych studiów, specjalizacji, ulubionych przedmiotów itp.

Przykłady zadań w części „Gramatyka i słownictwo” Są to jedynie przykłady, stąd forma egzaminu może nieco się różnić od przedstawionych tu ćwiczeń:

I. In questions 1 – 10 each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. Identify the one that is wrong and should be corrected.

Example:
The first domesticated bird in earth was probably the goose.

A B C D


The sentence should read: “The first domesticated bird on earth was probably the goose,” so you should choose ( C ).

1. Even although he is best remembered as a writer, Walt Whitman was also a newspaper publisher.

A B C D

2. Because of their beautiful coloration, palomino horses does often chosen as show horses for parades.



A B C D

3. Unlike most liquids, which contract when they solidify, water expands by nine percentage when it freezes.

A B C D

4. Water and petroleum are the only two liquids what occur in large quantities in nature.



A B C D

5. Thanksgiving Day, a uniquely North American holiday, is celebrated on the four Thursday in November.

A B C D

6. The rocks of the Cambrian period of prehistory were formed 500 to 600 million year ago.



A B C D

7. Christopher Columbus first seen Native Americans when he discovered the Caribbean Islands in 1492.

A B C D

8. Ethnolinguists study language as it relates to society, culture, and human behaving.



A B C D

9. Arteries with poorly blood flow can leave the heart muscle starved for oxygen, which often leads to heart attack.

A B C D

10. Companies that provide their employees with recreational time safe money on health insurance in the long run.



A B C D
II. Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first one. You must use the word printed in BOLD without changing its form:
1. I’m unhappy because I don’t have enough money to buy my own flat. WISH

I ........................................................................................ enough money to buy my own flat.

2. Maybe I left my passport in the drawer. I’m not sure. MIGHT

I ................................................................................................... my passport in the drawer.

3. The book was so interesting that I couldn’t put it down. SUCH

It ................................................................................................................. that I couldn’t put it down.

4. I’d rather you didn’t go out tonight. BETTER

You ......................................................................................................................... out tonight.

5. I decided to go by train because I wanted to relax while I travelled. ORDER

I decided to go by train ........................................................................................... while I travelled.


6. Although the weather was horrible, we set off on our expedition. DESPITE

.........................................................................................................., we set off on our expedition.

7. Some builders repaired the roof in Sheila’s house. HAD

Sheila ........................................... the roof of her house ....................................... by some builders.

8. Tom: “If I were you, I would see a doctor as soon as possible.” ADVISED

Tom .................................................................................................... a doctor as soon as possible.

9. When James was a student, he usually met his friends in a club. USED

In his student years, James ................................................................................. his friends in a club.

10. I got all wet because I forgot to put on my waterproof jacket. IF

................................................................................. my waterproof jacket, I wouldn’t have got so wet.


III. Complete the text below with the correctword (A, B or C):
On Wednesday Sarah decided to ...1... the laundry, so she packed all her dirty clothes into an old bag and left ...2... the local launderette. About half-way there, she realized she ...3... her purse, so she turned back. However, the bag was very heavy, so she thought she’d leave it for five minutes hidden in a doorway nearby, ...4... from view by a huge rubbish container. When she returned a few minutes later, she couldn’t find the bag. She concluded that it ...5... . It wouldn’t have ...6... much if it hadn’t been for her favourite dress. She was extremely fond ...7... it. In the end, she decided to look around and check whether she could find it. She opened the rubbish container and saw the bag inside! It was almost within ...8.... ! Itrritatingly, she couldn’t get it out without actually getting into the container and she was terrified of getting ...9... inside. Luckily, it turned out she was just ...10... time for the rubbish collection. The dustmen helped her get the bag back.


1.

A conduct

B do

C make




2.

A off

B out

C for




3.

A had forgotten

B forgot

C had been forgetting




4.

A protected

B avoided

C prevented




5.

A had been robbed

B was robbed

C had been stolen




6.

A mattered

B minded

C looked




7.

A with

B to

C of




8.

A touch

B reach

C hand




9.

A put

B trapped

C closed




10.

A on

B off

C in





IV. Complete with the correct form of the word printed in BOLD.

1. I wanted to say someting …………….......…….. but it was a disaster.

WIT

2. His …………….......…….. achievements are really impressive.

SCIENCE

3. We need a …………….......…….. for Mr Brown, who has taken a long holiday

REPLACE

4. The doctor gave me a …………….......…….. to buy this drug.

PRESCRIBE

5. It was a …………….......…….. holiday!

DISASTER


V. Complete with words from the box. Remember – there are some extra words you don’t need to use:

keep commission affect endorse misplace purchase urge quit erect hold withstand grab shatter

1. We need to ......................................... an artist to paint frescoes on the walls.

2. They managed to ............................................ a structure 300 metres tall to stand in the city centre.

3. If you get an opportunity, .................................. it. Don’t waste it!

4. You’ll see that the darkness and the silence will soon ............................. you – you won’t be so cheerful any more.

5. Why did he ................................. his job? It was so well-paid! I can’t understand his decision.

6. I used to ..................................... a lot of politicians in high regard until I discovered that a lot of them were dishonest.

7. The structure has to ........................................... very strong winds, so it’ll need extra support.

8. My teacher would always ................................. me to try harder and I did my best.

9. As the book was unavailable in her local library, she decided to ................................. it.

10. Tiger Woods received millions of dollars to .................................... Nike products.
Klucz do przykładowych zadań:

1. A


2. C

3. D

4. B

5. C


6. C

7. A


8. D

9. A


10. C

II.

1. wish I had

2. might have left

3. was such an interesting book

4. had better not go

5. in order to relax

6. Despite the horrible weather / Despite the fact that the weather was horrible

7. had / repaired

8. advised me to see

9. used to meet

10. If I hadn’t forgotten to put on

III.


  1. B (do)

  2. C (for)

  3. A (had forgotten)

  4. A (protected)

  5. C (had been stolen)

  6. A (mattered)

  7. C (of)

  8. B (reach)

  9. B (trapped)

  10. C (in)

IV.

1. witty


2. scientific

3. replacement

4. prescription

5. disastrous



V.

1. commission

2. erect

3. grab


4. affect

5. quit


6. hold

7. withstand



8. urge

9. purchase



10. endorse






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