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Monkeys move paralyzed muscles with their minds, based on email@example.com
A monkey's paralysed wrist can be moved and controlled by electrical signals artificially routed from its brain, according to scientists who say that their 1) .............. is a step towards helping paralysed 2) ............ to regain the use of their 3) .............. . First, the scientists trained the macaque monkeys to move the cursor on the computer screen using only their 4) .............. activity. Then they temporarily paralysed the 5) .............. wrist muscles using a local anaesthetic. They re-routed the signals from the electrodes to deliver electrical stimulation to the wrist muscles, and found that the monkeys could control their previously paralysed limbs using the same brain activity. The monkeys 6) .............. to do this in less than an hour. “There's an amazing 7) .............. in the way that the system can learn,” says Andrew Schwartz, a neurobiologist at the University of Pittsburgh. Yet clinical 8) .............. may still be many years away.
1. A) invest B) experiment C) discovery D) test
2. A) people B) humanity C) patients D) society
3. A) twigs B) limbs C) meat D) muscles
4. A) speech B) eye C) brain D) physical
5. A) orangutans' B) chimpanzees' C) monkeys' D) macaques'
6. A) succeeded B) were able C) learnt D) learned
7. A) adaptability B) flexibility C) speed D) adoption
8. A) trials B) research C) examination D) treatment
9. We use “be going to” for ... .
A) plans B) intentions C) predictions D) on-the-spot decisions
10. Where ... leave my jacket?
A) can I B) I can C) would I D) I should
11. Manuela ... in Copenhagen for the last two years.
A) lived B) has lived C) had lived D) has been living
12. Mr Abrams ... a bath after he ... working in the garden.
A) took/ finished B) took/ has finished C) took/ had finished
D) has taken/ has finished
13. “Mark doesn't have a sister,” Mary says = Mary says that Mark ... a sister.
A) doesn't have B) never had C) didn't have D) haven't got
14. Which of these can appear on a face?
A) a mole B) a wrinkle C) a bruise D) a spot
15. Where can you find a choir?
A) in a cathedral B) at the theatre C) at the greengrocer's D) at school
16. Which item(s) is/are used by men?
A) razors B) aftershaves C) stockings D) braces
17. Ian brought seven people to the party, not to ... his dog.
A) enlist B) mention C) include D) count
18. What can rumble?
A) thunder B) a dog C) a potato sack D) a stomach
19. Louis Armstrong's music is ... .
A) recommendation B) inspiring C) unmarked D) unforgettable
20. Then he went to New Orleans, ... he?
A) did B) didn't C) has D) hasn't
21. If you feel attracted to someone, you can't take your ... off (idiom) him or her.
A) eyes B) hand C) mouth D) thoughts
22. Sam keeps asking me to do his homework. He's such ... .
A) a nuisance B) a pain in the neck C) a lazy D) a tedious
23. Which use(s) of the is/are correct?
A) the Pacific Ocean B) the Alps C) the French D) the Browns
24. I love spending time in the mountains. The water here is ... .
A) purely B) spotless C) crystal-clear D) impeccable
25. Which word(s) ia/are connected to clothing?
A) lace B) button C) silk D) iron
26. Which British writer(s) wos/were born in Ireland?
A) Oscar Wilde B) James Joyce C) Charles Dickens D) J. R. R. Tolkien
27. In Britain, it's called a motorway. In America, it's called... .
A) an interstate B) a highway C) a crossroad D) a freeway
28. Which person/people is/are this year's candidate(s) for the US presidency?
A) George W. Bush B) Barack Obama C) John McCain D) Sarah Palin
Witamy Cię. Otrzymujesz od nas 112 punktów – tyle ile masz decyzji do podjęcia. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź dopisujemy Ci jeszcze 1 punkt, za błędną zabieramy dany punkt. Gdy nie odpowiadasz, zachowujesz podarowany punkt. Pamiętaj, że każda z odpowiedzi A, B, C, D może być fałszywa lub prawdziwa. W czasie konkursu nie wolno używać słowników, notatek, podręczników itp…
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Old violins reveal their secrets, based on firstname.lastname@example.org
1) …........... theories have been proposed for the secret of 18th-century Italian instrument-makers, Stradivari and del Gesu. Now a study has finally 2) …........... a measurable sound quality that distinguishes their violins from cheap, factory-made instruments. After spending ten years 3) …........... measuring the acoustics of violins, George Bissinger of East Carolina University says that the “excellent” old violins in his 4) …........... show a significantly stronger acoustic response in the lower octaves than do the “bad” violins, 5) …........... those rated merely “good” have intermediate values. Violinists say there's no doubt that the immensely 6) …........... and expensive instruments are 7) …........... . Yet many 8) …........... have been sceptical that science can say much about a violin's quality, though paying close attention to some basic details of construction and set-up may significantly improve it.
1. A) Numerous B) Lot of C) Countless D) Many
2. A) identified B) discovered C) revolutionised D) invented
3. A) carefully B) thoroughly C) painstakingly D) scrupulously
4. A) sample B) study C) research D) investigation
5. A) while B) not to mention C) whereas D) by far
6. A) unwanted B) sought-after C) rare D) searched
7. A) superior B) better C) deserving D) extravagance
8. A) barbers (a hairdresser for men, yet the key says it's appropriate) B) designers
C) instrument-makers D) violin-makers
9. Is it Kingston Street? I always ... your address.
A) forget B) forgot C) would forget D) did forget
10. … about whether I should change my life.
A) I have been in thought B) I will think C) I am thinking D) I could have been in thinking
11. ... women like to go to the hairdresser.
A) Most B) Many C) Some D) Much
12. ... Elizabeth I was ... Queen of England in the 16th century.
A) the/ the B) -/ the C) -/- D) -/ a
13. After the children ... eating lunch they ... to play in the garden.
A) have finished/ went B) finished/ had gone
C) had finished/ went D) had finished/ were allowed
14. I'm ready to go ... you are ready.
A) as soon as B) whenever C) by the time D) till
15. “I've always enjoyed reading detective stories,“ says Chris = Chris says that he ... always ... reading detective stories.
A) has/ enjoyed B) have/ enjoyed C) was/ enjoying D) has been/ enjoying
16. If you … earlier, you … late for school.
A) wake up/ won't be B) woke up/ wouldn't be
C) had woken up/ wouldn't have been D) have had woken up/ wouldn't had been
17. I'm sorry I was not wise enough = I wish I ... wiser.
A) was B) have been C) had been D) would be
18. Which of these plural forms of nouns is/are correct?
A) louse → lice B) loaf → loaves C) ox → oxen D) basis → bases
19. Mark ... his hotel room cleaned. The cleaning lady told him to go downstairs.
A) had B) was having C) has been having D) had been having
20. Everything went ... = I fainted.
A) black and white B) black C) red D) blue
21. I don't know where to buy my winter coat. Can you ... somewhere?
A) advise me B) recommend me C) suggest D) oblige
22. Every year ... of tourists visit Rome.
A) herds B) swarms C) packs D) flocks
23. I wanted some apples, but the African seller gave me pomegranates. I was ... .
A) disobeyed B) misinformed C) misunderstood D) wrongly understood