Program Specialization No 11 ”Animal Reproduction”

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Specialization No 11 ”Animal Reproduction”

Head: Prof. dr hab. Tomasz Janowski

Department of Animal Reproduction with Clinic

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn

tel: 89/523 38 96, 604 993 169


Specialization course lasts 5 semesters

Lectures – 150 hours

Classes – 50 hours

Practical training – 150 hours

Main goal of the course

This course will teach participants the latest scientific and practical discoveries in animal reproduction, so that they will be able to take advantage of enormous growth in this field during the last few decades. The course is intended for both clinical practitioners and veterinarians who inspect the production and trade of embryos and semen.

Course participants will learn about new advances in the field, which allow them to diagnose and treat infertility better in all species. Participants will also learn about all aspects of reproductive performance in farm animals, including prophylaxis and treatment. In addition they will deepen their understanding of new problems in the production and trade of reproductive materials.

Topics of the lectures, seminars and classes

1. Basic topics and definitions

Lectures: 6 hours

Reproductive cycle, oestrus cycle and its manifestation, neuroendocrine regulation of reproductive tract function, biological and clinical aspects, species specificity, reproductive seasonality, reproductive and breeding maturity, fertility, infertility, law regulating veterinary inspection in animal reproduction, epidemiological aspects, rules of ethics, problems of animal welfare

2. Female reproductive tract – clinical and biological aspects

Lectures and classes – 10 hours

Anatomy and function, oestrus cycle and its signs, ovulation and methods of its detection, uterus and its importance, vulva and vagina, clinical and laboratory methods of the physiological and pathological states diagnosing, hormonal disorders and method of their therapy, other therapy methods

3. Male reproductive tract – clinical and biological aspects

Lectures: 6 hours

Anatomy and function, physiological, biochemical and endocrine aspects of the testis function, role of epidydymis, prostate and vesicular glands, structure and ultrastructure of spermatozoa, their production and ejaculation, seminal plasma, clinical examination of male reproductive tract, collection and evaluation of semen, laboratory methods of semen evaluation

4. Fertilization and early pregnancy

Lectures: 6 hours

Timing of insemination and mating, time of ovulation, semen(fresh, frozen/thawed), capacitation, acrosomal reaction, oocytes, fertilization, embryo and its development, importance of oviduct, uterine environment, implantation, placentation, types of placenta, maternal recognition of pregnancy and its species specificity, clinical and laboratory methods of early pregnancy diagnosing

5. Pregnancy, parturition, postpartum period

Lectures and classes: 8 hours

Mechanisms of pregnancy, hormonal regulation and its species specificity, embryonal mortality, pregnancy diagnosis and its importance , parturition and its clinical aspects, hormonal regulation and induction of abortion and parturition, postpartum period and its importance for reproduction, ovarian activity, uterine involution, veterinary aspects of postpartum period, hormonal methods of postpartum period control

6.Diseases in newborns

Lectures: 6 hours

Neonatology (basic definitions), species specificity, physiological and clinical parameters of newborns, parturition and state of neonates, respiratory distress syndrome, non infectious and infectious disorders of newborn, methods of diagnosing and treatment

7. Immunological aspects of reproduction

Lectures and seminars: 8 hours

Basic immunological definitions, antigens of the testis, spermatozoa and seminal plasma, antigens and antisera of female reproductive tract, anti- spermatozoa immunological reactions of the female, immunological aspects of pregnancy, immunosuppression and immunomodulation, practical aspects of immunological infertility

8. Embryo transfer

Lectures and classes: 8 hours

Role and importance in animal reproduction, breeding and hygienic aspects, law regulations, physiological and hormonal aspects, management of the donors, management of the recipients, methods of embryo collection, procedure of freezing , evaluation of fresh and frozen embryo, embryo culture in vitro, micromanipulation on embryos, chosen aspects of genetic engineering, biotechnological aspects

9.Artificial insemination (AI) – gynecology

Lectures and classes – 12 hours

Clinical examination before insemination, oestrus and ovulation detection, disorders of ovulation, procedure of insemination and its differences in particular species, control of the insemination timing, veterinary , hygienic and breeding aspects of AI, AI technology in breeding programs, law regulations

10.Artificial insemination (AI) - semen production

Lectures and classes: 10 hours

Law regulations and organization of AI stations (bulls, stallions, boars), reproductive examination of the male animals, collection and assessment of semen, evaluation of the fertility, genetic selection of sires, methods of cryopreservation, diluters, preparation of semen for use in AI, handling of semen, documentation associated with AI services, veterinary inspection in semen production, law regulating production and handling semen, diseases transmissible with semen

11. Medical (hormonal) control of oestrus cycle, ovulation and parturition

Lectures: 6 hours

Definitions, economical and breeding importance, biological and hormonal methods of cycle control, oestrus and ovulation synchronization (prostaglandins, GnRH/PGF, gestagens, hCG, eCG/hCG, melatonin), induction of parturition (PGF, glucocorticoids, PGF/oxytocin), species specificity, hormonal control of reproduction in large farms of cows and pigs

12. New diagnostic methods of reproductive tract

Lectures and classes: 8 hours

Clinical investigation: its advantages and disadvantages, species specificity, ultrasonography and its use, endoscopy, hormonal tests, cytological and histopathological investigations, biochemical and bacteriological examination, interpretation of these examinations

13. Bovine reproduction

a) part I- gynecology and obstetrics

Lectures and classes: 24 hours

Pathophysiological aspects of post partum period, ovarian disorders, afunction, delayed ovulation, cystic ovarian disease, silent heat, disorders of dominant follicle, subfunction of corpus luteum, embryonic mortality, the repeat breeder cow, anoestrus, retained placenta, uterine infections(endometritis/metritis and its forms), persistent corpus luteum , diagnosis of pregnancy, abortion, specific infectious diseases, metabolic disorders during pregnancy, torsio uteri, hydrops allantois, dystocia, obstetrical assistance and its methods, calf diseases, prolapse of vagina/uterus, veterinary control of herd fertility in both: milk and beef cows, methods of treatment

b)part II- mastitis

Lectures and classes: 10 hours

Anatomy and physiology of mammary gland, economical and organizational aspects of mastitis prevention, etiology and pathogenesis of mastitis, classification of mastitis, clinical and laboratory methods of its diagnosis, treatment of clinical and subclinical mastitis during lactation and dry period, supporting treatment methods, criteria of antibiotics choice (withdrawal period), prevention and its methods, surgery on mammary gland and teats

c) part III – andrology

Lectures and classes: 24 hours

Reproductive examination of bull, libido and mating behavior testing, collection and assessment of semen, clinical examination of the testis, scrotum and penis, transrectal examination of the accessory sex glands, collection of semen and its evaluation, bacteriological examination of semen and reproductive tract, diagnostic and therapeutic anesthesia of penis and preputium, disorders of the testis, penis and preputium- clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment, infectious diseases of the male reproductive tract

14. Equine reproduction

Lectures and classes: 24 hours

Cyclic periodicity and its regulation, breeding season, oestrus cycle and its control, detection and induction of ovulation, mating and artificial insemination, control of oestrus cycle- natural and hormonal methods, parturition and retained membranes, treatment of retained members, postpartum anoestrus, corpus luteum persistens, prolonged oestrus, disorders of ovulation/multiple ovulation, hormonal active ovarian tumors, endometritis/endometriosis, embryonic mortality, abortion, twin pregnancy and unwanted pregnancy, pregnancy diagnosis and its importance, parturition and obstetrics assistance, induction of parturition, sexual behavior of stallion, cryptorchidism, testicular degeneration, infectious diseases, artificial insemination, embryo transfer

15. Porcine reproduction

Lectures and classes: 14 hours

Reproductive parameters in pigs ferms, oestruc cycle, detection and control of oestrus and ovulation, timing of mating/artificial insemination, reproductive disorders, lactational anoestrus and its management, repeat breeders, embryonic mortality and abortion, barren sows, induction of parturition, disorders of mammary gland, disorders in piglets, infectious diseases, nutritional factors

16. Reproduction of small ruminants

Lectures: 12 hours

Seasonality of reproductive performance, oestrus cycle and its control, ram/buck effect, progestagen based methods, prostaglandins, combination PGF and GnRH, melatonin, flushing, oestrus detection, mating, artificial insemination, pregnancy diagnosis, reproductive disorders, infectious diseases, pregnancy toxaemia, puerperal metritis, intrasexuality, pseudopregnancy, abortions, induction of parturition, herd reproduction management, artificial insemination, embryo transfer

17. Small animal reproduction (dogs, cats)

Lectures and classes: 24 hours

Specificity of reproduction, oestrus cycle, diagnosis of the oestrus phases and ovulation, mating and artificial insemination, diagnosis of pregnancy and its duration, disorders of pregnancy, parturition, uterine inertia, retained placenta, subinvolution of placental sites, oestrus induction, prolonged/persistent heat, failure of cycle, failure to conceive(infertility), infectious agents, unwanted pregnancy, surgical and hormonal control of cycle and oestrus, tumors of mammary gland, false pregnancy, CEH- pyometra complex, male dogs, evaluation of fertility, hypersexuality, criptorchidism, hormonal treatment in dogs and cats

Topics of the practical training:

A. Reproductive investigation of the male reproductive tract including the methods of semen collection and its evaluation - 30 hours

B. Reproductive investigation of the female reproductive tract including laboratory methods - 30 hours

C. Artificial insemination (cows, pigs, mares, ewes, bitches) - 30 hours

D. Embryo transfer in cows - 30 hours

E. Methods of diagnosis and treatment of ovarian and uterine disorders and clinical cases (all species) - 30 hours

Institutions participating in carrying on the practical training:

Katedry i Kliniki Wydziałów Medycyny Weterynaryjnej UP we Wrocławiu, UP w Lublinie, UWM w Olsztynie, SGGW w Warszawie

Katedra Weterynarii Rolniczej UP w Poznaniu

Zakład Chorób Świń PIWet-PIBad w Puławach

Zakład Patofizjologii Rozrodu i Mastitis PIWet-PIBad w Puławach

Stacje Hodowli i Unasieniania Zwierząt w Olecku i Łowiczu

Zakłady Mięsne w Ostródzie – Morlinach i Rawiczu

Wybrane lecznice i ośrodki hodowlane

List of the main recommended literature (textbooks)

1. Zaburzenia rozrodu psów i kotów, Sławomir Zduńczyk, Tomasz Janowski. Wydawnictwo UW-M Olsztyn 2002

2. Rozród psów, Praca zbiorowa pod redakcją Andrzeja Dubiela. Wydawnictwo AR, Wrocław 2000

3. Biologia rozrodu zwierząt, Biologiczne uwarunkowania wartości rozrodczej samca pod redakcją prof. Jerzego Strzeżka. Wydawnictwo UW-M, Olsztyn 2007

4. Biologia rozrodu zwierząt, Fizjologiczna regulacja rozrodu samicy pod redakcją prof. Tadeusz Krzymowskiego. Wydawnictwo UW-M, Olsztyn 2007

5. Położnictwo weterynaryjne, W. Baier, F. Schaetz, PWRiL, Warszawa 1976

6. Leksykon Rozrodu Zwierząt, pod redakcja Kazimierza Rosłanowskiego, Wydawnictwo AR, Poznań 1996

7. Choroby cieląt, pod redakcją Zygmunta Kulety, Wydawnictwo UW-M, Olsztyn 2005

8. Biotechnologia rozrodu zwierząt udomowionych, BielańskiA., Tischner, Wydawnictwo Drukrol, Kraków 1997

9. Kierowany rozród koni, S. Wierzbowski, K. Kosiniak-Kamysz, Wydawnictwo Drukrol s.c. Kraków 1998

10. Andrologia, Wierzbowski S., Wydawnictwo Drukrol s.c., Kraków 1999

11. Rozród zwierząt gospodarskich, J. Monkiewicz, Wydawnictwo UP, Wrocław 1995

12. Diagnostyka ultrasonograficzna małych zwierząt , T. Nyland, J. Matton, Wydawnictwo Galaktyka, Łódź 2007

13. Ochrona zdrowia świń, Z. Pejsak, PWRiL, Poznań 2007

14. Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics, D. Noakes, T. Parkinson, G. England, Saunders 2001

15. Herd Health, Otto M. Radostis, Saunders 2011

16. Choroby bydła, Praca zbiorowa pod redakcją H. Janowskiego, K. Markiewicza, S. Tarczyńskiego, PWRiL, Warszawa 1983

17. Veterinärmedizinische Andrologie, W. Busch, A. Holzmann, Schattauer GmbH 2001

18. Training materials

Individualized courses

For veterinarians with significant professional achievements (theoretical and practical) in the area of Animal reproduction it is possible to design individualized short course In Animals reproduction. These achievements must be confirmed by course certificate or other documents. These documents and the curriculum vitae will be used to design course tailored to the individual candidate’s strengths and weaknesses. These individualized course will comprise a mixture of independent study, participation in professional seminars and conferences, and practical training in selected practices and academic clinics.

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